Ushas n : goddess of dawn; daughter of Sky and sister of Night
Ushas is an exalted divinity in the Rig Veda, sometimes spoken of in the plural, "the Dawns." She is portrayed as welcoming birds and warding off evil spirits, and as a beautifully adorned young woman riding in a golden chariot on her path across the sky.
Twenty of the 1028 hymns of the Rig Veda are dedicated to the Dawn: Book 7 has seven hymns, books 4–6 have two hymns each, and the younger books 1 and 10 have six and one respectively. In RV 6.64.1-2 (trans. Griffith) Ushas is invoked as follows:
- The radiant Dawns have risen up for glory, in their white splendour like the waves of waters.She maketh paths all easy, fair to travel, and, rich, hath shown herself benign and friendly.
- We see that thou art good: far shines thy lustre; thy beams, thy splendours have flown up to heaven.Decking thyself, thou makest bare thy bosom, shining in majesty, thou Goddess Morning.
In his Secret of the Veda, Aurobindo described Ushas as "the medium of the awakening, the activity and the growth of the other gods; she is the first condition of the Vedic realisation. By her increasing illumination the whole nature of man is clarified; through her [mankind] arrives at the Truth, through her he enjoys [Truth's] beatitude."
In the "family books" of the RigVeda (e.g. RV 6.64.5), Ushas is poetically identified as a divine daughter—a —of Dyaus Pita "Sky Father." This identification is taken literally in the traditional genealogies of Hindu mythology.
Sanskrit is an s-stem, i.e. the genitive case is . It is from PIE , cognate to Greek *Ηως and Latin Aurora.
- Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend
- Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions
ushas in German: Ushas
ushas in Lithuanian: Ušasė
ushas in Japanese: ウシャス
ushas in Norwegian Nynorsk: Usjas
ushas in Polish: Uszas
ushas in Slovak: Ušas
ushas in Swedish: Ushas
ushas in Chinese: 乌莎斯